2020 waec runs are considered as a method of analysis of pupils who have experienced one level of education or yet another by the end of a term, term or academic year. However, among different disturbing developments which a is encountering in the country nowadays, the likelihood of examination malpractices in the Nigerian educational system is a cardinal one that is fast assuming a level of national and global embarrassment and dangerous dimension. It is really a harming crisis, which or even cured soon, might destroy the nation’s all-important knowledge sector.

Examination malpractices are often referred to as wrongdoings before, during or following examinations. And, without mincing phrases, these are having showing, bad consequences on the nation’s quality of knowledge, only as numerous school leavers and graduates cannot protect their certificates. As threatening as that endemic development might look, urgent actions must be adopted for the cankerworm not to ruin the nation’s potential entirely before long: it’s also critical to be neglected. And, this is actually, another cogent purpose Nigeria needs ethical renaissance and value regeneration in every aspects of their national life.


So how exactly does one describe what an examination malpractice is? In accordance with Nwana (2000), examination malpractice is described while the “massive and unprecedented abuse of principles and rules pertaining to internal and public examinations, beginning from the placing of such examinations through the using of the examinations, their marking and grading, to the discharge of the outcomes and the issuance of certificates.”

In an identical vein, an academic has attempted yet another information of this unbridled trend as “the behave of omission or commission intended to produce a scholar pass examination without depending positively on his/her independent capacity or resources.”


Certain research studies, results, instructive and educated submissions of educationalists, academics, and different prime stakeholders in that particular industry of the nation’s economy, but, have suggested that there have been one type of examination malpractice or one other before because in early 1970s when “mass cheating was initially perpetrated in WAEC” (West African-american Examinations Council).

Probably, this realisation jolted the examination body at the extra school stage to study really, different manifestations and level of the retrogressive inclination. It reportedly, categorised different types of examination malpractice as including getting in foreign products to exam halls, abnormal activities inside and external examination halls, collusion, impersonation, loss, mass cheating and insult/assault on supervisors during exams.


Other kinds of examination malpractices discovered by WAEC contain assistance of candidates by invigilators to answer or have concept to difficult ideas, while some invigilators also head to the level of addressing some elements of the issue for prospects, aside from other types as “giraffing, contraband, bullet, super print, escort, missiles, and pregnant biros.”

Nonetheless, what has occurred to the success of the country’s knowledge system from the period until today? However, in the continued 21st Century, examination malpractices of different varieties, types and manifestations, incontrovertibly, have worsened and develop into a national problem. The unbecoming inclination voraciously, remains to consume strong in to the cultural material, from the comfort of major colleges to tertiary institutions of learning across the Nigerian Federation. It’s no surprise then, that the Nigerian Union of Educators (NUT), of new, passionately asked the National Assembly to declare circumstances of disaster in the training sector so as to consciously revamp the missing honor of the once flourishing industry.


While many stakeholders in the sector yet, think that the common malaise the education segment is not only perpetrated by the pupils alone, but in addition with the effective connivance of other stakeholders, including educators, safety brokers, examination invigilators, models, supervisors, and the like, examination malpractices have similarly been identified by some in the know of the pervasiveness of the frustrating tendency as “traditional and institutionalised multibillion Naira business”, on which some depraved persons, communities and institutions supply fat in the country as of now.

But, a important problem any honest-minded Nigerians need to ask themselves only at that juncture is: How did Nigeria get to the decadent state in its education market? Just as some key stakeholders and specialists severally, have stated honest considerations concerning the constant damage continual exam malpractices are wreaking on the state, several facets have now been sophisticated for this ugly development.


Among other reasons adduced for the astronomical upsurge in examination malpractices recently are that using cases, “questions aren’t linked to the syllabus”, and therefore, examination malpractices are encouraged. It’s also, been alleged that issue syllabuses are bombarded and difficult for examination prospects, so they really often times find it difficult to cope. But, are these tenable excuses for doubtful prospects and their depraved collaborators to participate in exam irregularities? It’s just indefensible for candidates to resort to examination irregularities. It’s thought that with determined, aware initiatives at succeeding in any worthwhile endeavour, including examinations, “wherever there is a may, there’s a way.”

Several students’rising lack of seriousness and preparedness to battle their future, as many feel that a lot of learners these days are “perhaps not ready to master “.For example, it’s been observed that in most community schools specifically, students are noticed wandering the streets, although some seen with home movie cassettes and compact disks (CDs/DVDs) and others playing baseball all through college hours.


Similarly, in an eager test at cold parents financially, there have been established situations by which examination stay issues are hurriedly solved by college managements in collusion with chosen examination authors, impersonators frequently in “private colleges’fundamentals’practices” in order to please the parents to the detriment of the kids’ potential prospect. And, these critical college officers are anticipated to be position designs, paragons of forthrightness, credibility, and strength to these children, aren’t they?

It’s been recognized that anomaly is usually perpetrated simultaneously, as pupils create theirs in examination halls, after which copies of such examination solutions are manufactured and spread to their students for mass copying, thus turning their colleges in to sanctuaries of examination malpractices at worst. Studies state examiners are, certainly, finding wiser in tracking such anomalies in exam answer programs in new times.


Particular worried educationists, and others reasons, equally, have hinged the widespread examination malpractices at different levels of knowledge in the Nigerian system to bad emphasis in writing requirements, low moral requirements in colleges,’419'problem, candidates’insufficient self-confidence in themselves, fear of failure because of inadequate preparations, outright laziness, declining societal price system leading to a number of get-rich-quick plans, progressive lack of prices such as industry and enterprise in reaching any sustainable particular success as properly bad skilled criteria and unacceptable curricular for teaching of teachers.

It’s thus, no surprise that numerous parents and guardians who are beginning to comprehend the gimmicks of particular schools in “cooking” excellent results for his or her young ones and wards in order to please them. As a result of this common wicked exercise, several parents are becoming disillusioned by the day.


But, where have each one of these left the nation’s educational system in recent years? The implications on the stakeholders in particular and the Nigerian culture in general have already been weighty and multifarious. One could be the entrenched convinced that cheating in examinations gives, contrary to the background of the truth that societal prices are rapidly on the decline.

Nevertheless, a number of these damaged stakeholders who hitherto have been creating much income from the irregularities, seriously, are finding it harder and more tasking than ever to disabuse the thoughts of those young ones, that examination frauds don’t pay and will not bring them far in life.

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